Higher bond yields in developed markets spill over to emerging East Asia
Friday, 25/03/2022 16:21 (GMT+7)
(CPV) - Emerging East Asia’s total local currency bond issuance rose 7.1% to an all-time high of USD9 trillion in 2021, according to the latest issue of the Asia Bond Monitor, released on March 25th 2022 by the Asian Development Bank (ADB).
For the last three months of the year, emerging East Asia’s local currency bond stock grew 3.6% from the previous quarter to USD22.8 trillion. Bond yields in the region rose between 30 November and 9 March, amid global inflationary pressure and rising yields in advanced markets.
“Financial conditions in emerging East Asia remain robust, backed by ample liquidity,” said ADB Chief Economist Albert Park. “Most central banks in the region have maintained accommodative monetary stances, even as advanced economies tightened policies. However, continued inflationary pressure may cause more central banks around the world to tighten, which could reduce liquidity and weaken financial conditions.”
Risk premiums have edged up amid dampened investor sentiment due to expected monetary tightening by the United States (US) Federal Reserve and the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Federal Reserve hiked interest rates on 16 March for the first time since 2018 and signaled additional increases on the horizon as inflation picks up, partly due to war-related increases in oil and food prices. Global supply chain disruptions and the uncertain trajectory of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic are also threatening the global economic outlook.
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member economies saw record-high local currency bond issuance of USD1.5 trillion last year. That accounted for 17% of the total issuance in emerging East Asia, which comprises the People’s Republic of China (PRC); Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; the Republic of Korea; Malaysia; the Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; and Viet Nam.
Government bonds outstanding in the region totaled USD14.3 trillion at the end of 2021, while corporate bonds increased to USD8.5 trillion. Growth in the corporate bond segment eased in the final quarter of the year, amid a slowdown in the PRC, the region’s largest corporate bond market.
Faster growth in both the government and corporate bond segments pushed Viet Nam’s local currency bond market up by 9.8% from the previous quarter to $91.5 billion at the end of December 2021. Annual growth also quickened, to 25.5%.
Government bonds increased 5.3% from the previous quarter to USD65.3 billion. A jump in issuance drove a 22.7% expansion in the corporate bond segment. Corporate bonds outstanding totaled $26.3 billion.
Sustainable bond stock in the ASEAN region plus the PRC; Hong Kong, China; Japan; and the Republic of Korea rose to USD430.7 billion at the end of 2021 from USD274.1 billion a year earlier. Green bonds continue to dominate the region’s sustainable bond market, accounting for 68.2% of the total, although interest in social and sustainability bonds is also growing.
The latest issue of the Asia Bond Monitor features discussions of foreign participation in the Asian local currency bond market and associated financial stability risks, as well as determinants of sovereign local currency bond issuance in emerging markets. The issue also presents the results of the 2021 AsianBondsOnline Annual Bond Market Liquidity Survey./.